No matter if you have a website, an online shop or are entirely new to the concept of hosting, you probably have heard of cloud hosting. The technology itself is only ten years old but already has been utilized by many different organizations and people: startups, non-profits, governmental institutions, etc. Cloud comes in many different forms and is used in many different ways, some of which include online video streaming, email services or storage facility. The most popular use of cloud is web hosting.
Cloud hosting is the most recent framework for hosting. For the virtual server, a website is on, cloud hosting provides computing resources pulled from substantial primary servers. The notion behind cloud hosting is that the resources needed to maintain a site, such as bandwidth and storage, are taken from a lot of physical servers in many different locations, a cloud of them, as opposed to just one physical server and are used only when needed. Because many physical servers in different locations are rendered upon the need, the downtime of the website due to a server malfunction is very unlikely.
Why Cloud Hosting?
When hosting a website on the cloud, the user doesn’t have to worry about running out of the resources. The website is hosted on multiple servers, therefore, is not limited to the capacity of the physical servers. The resources are accessible upon demand and in real time. This means that if the traffic of the website suddenly spikes, for example, it can quickly adapt.
The data centers that are used to serve the cloud are housed in physical facilities. The security measures taken to protect the physical servers from access or any disruption on-site are also covering the cloud.
The beauty of cloud hosting lies in how it is being charged for. The payment is sorted in the way an electricity or water bill is at home. The user of cloud hosting only pays for what has been used to serve the website. The spikes of traffic or extra resources for the new installed functionality are charged upon the use, so when the traffic is lower, and there is no need for many resources, the price is lower, and the user doesn’t overpay.
The cloud, a broad network of physical servers the resources for cloud hosting are drawn from, provides excellent reliability. The disk space, bandwidth or other resources are taken from many physical servers, therefore, the possibility of downtime is merely possible.
Types of Cloud Hosting
Private cloud hosting, used by bigger business and enterprises, relies on a company’s individual data center or intranet and is behind a firewall, allowing outward communication while protecting the access inward. Usually, companies with their own data centers go for this hosting option as they already have the infrastructure. However, the downside of hosting on a private cloud is the hassle of maintenance, support, management, and updating. All of these functions have to be done by in-house technical staff and can get very expensive.
While public cloud is maintained, managed, and updated by the provider, it is delivered through the internet. Customers pay only for the storage, bandwidth, and CPU used. The downside of it to the most of the users is the security. The user has no control over it. The cloud is used by many of the users, and a lot of information is stored at once. However, the providers usually take serious precautions when it comes to the security of the data.
An in-house cloud, based on a personal server, can be combined with a public cloud, providing resources through the internet and is called a hybrid cloud. Hybrid cloud allows clients to perform sensitive data operations on their in-house server, reaching the maximum security, and run more resource requiring operations on a public cloud. The goal here is to combine the resources and positive sides of both of the clouds without the downsides of either.
On top of these three cloud types, the multicloud model seems to be the most popular these days. This model provides the power to run multiple operations on several different cloud providers or even run them at the same time on different clouds. It is done so in order to minimize the risk of resource outage or even to make use of more competitive pricing by cloud providers.
Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and VPS
All of the hosting types use the resources for hosting from physical servers. The superiority here is in how the use of those physical servers is optimized. VPS is dedicated to providing slightly more power to the user than shared hosting. However, it’s resources are essentially divided into big blocks and shared amongst many different users. The reliability factor in VPS is the lowest compared to dedicated or cloud hosting.
Dedicated servers are built on a single data center, where the resources to maintain multiple and complex websites are pulled from. Even though the client has full control of the server and is the sole user of it, if the server is down, the websites are down too.
Cloud hosting is the most reliable hosting out there at the moment. As it uses multiple data centers around the world, even if one of the servers is experiencing downtime, the websites are still running by consuming the resources needed from other servers and data centers.